Antidepressant medication, used under the guidance of a mental health professional, may relieve some of your depression symptoms.
Antidepressants are medications for treating depressions, anxiety disorders, eating disorders, neuropathic pain, dysthymia, obsessive compulsive disorders, chronic pain, dysmenorrhea, migraines, ADHD, snoring, sleeping disorders, substance abuse and other conditions. They are implemented alone or together with other drugs. In theory antidepressants balance certain chemicals called neurotransmitters in a human brain, which are used for “communication” by nerves, and it takes up to a few weeks until there is an actual effect. Yet it is still unknown how antidepressants work exactly.
Antidepressants are divided into a few types: SSRIs - selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, SNIRs – serotonin–norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors, TCAs – tricyclic antidepressants and MAOs – monoamine oxidase inhibitors. The rest of the medicaments that are normally used to treat depression consist of tryptophan, low-dose of antipsychotics, buprenorphine and St. John’s wort.
Most antidepressants that can be obtained are equally effective. Evidence-based medicine has proved that both the strongest antidepressant medications and non-prescription depression medications generally have the same effect on depression, and there is no one medication that would be more effective than another. In therapy what affects the choice of a particular antidepressant are the side effects and potential medicament interaction.
Mild side effects are common for most antidepressants but they normally pass quickly. These may be nausea, restlessness, headaches, insomnia, sexual problems etc. Nonetheless, these factors may be significant enough for a patient to select another drug or stop antidepressant medication altogether and choose other tools for dealing with depression completely. But before refusing an antidepressant it is commonly advised to find a drug that is better suited to a patient and has milder side effects. In cases when a patient feels better it is important to continue taking the medication further and consult with a doctor regarding after-treatment.