Women take the pill by mouth to prevent pregnancy, and, when taken correctly, it is up to 99.9% effective.
Birth control drugs are commonly used for preventing pregnancy. However, they can also be used as treatment for acne and hormonal disorders. A wide variety of birth control pills brands stretches to a long list of medications available both online and in the drugstores. Birth control meds are also commonly known as oral contraceptives (OCs, BCPs, OCPs). Safe birth control pills consist of hormones combinations such as progesterone and estrogen, or only progesterone. These medications can be found in multiple forms like drugs, topical patches, injections, contraceptive-infused intrauterine devices and slow-release systems. Various kinds of combination birth control drugs containing progesterone and estrogen are called monophasic, biphasic and triphasic.
How do birth control meds actually work when they help avoid pregnancy?
- They block ovulation;
- They change mucus in the cervix, which complicates the ‘traveling’ for the sperm;
- They alter endometrium so it can’t support a fertilized egg;
- They change the fallopian tubes so they can’t efficiently move eggs to uterus.
When it is required to prescribe a specific dose, kind and administration approach from a long birth control medications list, a patient is strongly recommended to consult their doctor who will consider all the factors that are unique for the patient. The major goal is to select a preparation which will provide a proper menstrual cycle management with as few side effects as possible, and simultaneously to use the lowest dose of the hormone. Once the birth control medication has been started, it may be required to regulate the dose or to select another brand.
Even though the pill for birth control is usually a pretty safe option for the majority of women, certain categories must quit using these preparations. Among them are the next:
- Allergic reactions to any element of the medication;
- Previous blood clot disorders, strokes or heart attacks;
- Heart valve disease with complications;
- Poorly manageable diabetes which causes issues;
- Severe hypertension;
- Severe headaches (migraines etc.);
- Breast cancer;
- Liver cancer / disease;
- Recent major surgery which requires longer bed rest;
- Unknown abnormal bleeding from uterus;
- Uterine cancer or any other known/suspected estrogen-dependent cancer;
- Jaundice during pregnancy or with earlier hormonal contraceptive usage;
- Known and/or possible pregnancy.